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Robust Mean Estimation on Highly Incomplete Data with Arbitrary Outliers

Lunjia Hu · Omer Reingold

Keywords: [ Learning Theory and Statistics ] [ Robust Statistics and Machine Learning ]

Abstract: We study the problem of robustly estimating the mean of a $d$-dimensional distribution given $N$ examples, where most coordinates of every example may be missing and $\varepsilon N$ examples may be arbitrarily corrupted. Assuming each coordinate appears in a constant factor more than $\varepsilon N$ examples, we show algorithms that estimate the mean of the distribution with information-theoretically optimal dimension-independent error guarantees in nearly-linear time $\widetilde O(Nd)$. Our results extend recent work on computationally-efficient robust estimation to a more widely applicable incomplete-data setting.

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