Poster

A Bayesian nonparametric approach to count-min sketch under power-law data streams

Emanuele Dolera · Stefano Favaro · Stefano Peluchetti

Keywords: [ Learning Theory and Statistics ] [ Bayesian Nonparametrics ]

[ Abstract ]
Wed 14 Apr 6 a.m. PDT — 8 a.m. PDT

Abstract:

The count-min sketch (CMS) is a randomized data structure that provides estimates of tokens' frequencies in a large data stream using a compressed representation of the data by random hashing. In this paper, we rely on a recent Bayesian nonparametric (BNP) view on the CMS to develop a novel learning-augmented CMS under power-law data streams. We assume that tokens in the stream are drawn from an unknown discrete distribution, which is endowed with a normalized inverse Gaussian process (NIGP) prior. Then, using distributional properties of the NIGP, we compute the posterior distribution of a token's frequency in the stream, given the hashed data, and in turn corresponding BNP estimates. Applications to synthetic and real data show that our approach achieves a remarkable performance in the estimation of low-frequency tokens. This is known to be a desirable feature in the context of natural language processing, where it is indeed common in the context of the power-law behaviour of the data.

Chat is not available.