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Random Oscillators Network for Time Series Processing

Andrea Ceni · Andrea Cossu · Maximilian St√∂lzle · Jingyue Liu · Cosimo Della Santina · Davide Bacciu · Claudio Gallicchio

MR1 & MR2 - Number 120
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Sat 4 May 6 a.m. PDT — 8:30 a.m. PDT


We introduce the Random Oscillators Network (RON), a physically-inspired recurrent model derived from a network of heterogeneous oscillators. Unlike traditional recurrent neural networks, RON keeps the connections between oscillators untrained by leveraging on smart random initialisations, leading to exceptional computational efficiency.A rigorous theoretical analysis finds the necessary and sufficient conditions for the stability of RON, highlighting the natural tendency of RON to lie at the edge of stability, a regime of configurations offering particularly powerful and expressive models.Through an extensive empirical evaluation on several benchmarks, we show four main advantages of RON.1) RON shows excellent long-term memory and sequence classification ability, outperforming other randomised approaches.2) RON outperforms fully-trained recurrent models and state-of-the-art randomised models in chaotic time series forecasting. 3) RON provides expressive internal representations even in a small parametrisation regime making it amenable to be deployed on low-powered devices and at the edge.4) RON is up to two orders of magnitude faster than fully-trained models.

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