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Lifted Division for Lifted Hugin Belief Propagation

Moritz Hoffmann · Tanya Braun · Ralf Möller


The lifted junction tree algorithm (LJT) is an inference algorithm that allows for tractable inference regarding domain sizes. To answer multiple queries efficiently, it decomposes a first-order input model into a first-order junction tree. During inference, degrees of belief are propagated through the tree. This propagation significantly contributes to the runtime complexity not just of LJT but of any tree-based inference algorithm. We present a lifted propagation scheme based on the so-called Hugin scheme whose runtime complexity is independent of the degree of the tree. Thereby, lifted Hugin can achieve asymptotic speed improvements over the existing lifted Shafer-Shenoy propagation. An empirical evaluation confirms these results.

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