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LIMESegment: Meaningful, Realistic Time Series Explanations

Torty Sivill · Peter Flach


LIME (Locally Interpretable Model-Agnostic Explanations) has become a popular way of generating explanations for tabular, image and natural language models, providing insight into why an instance was given a particular classification. In this paper we adapt LIME to time series classification, an under-explored area with existing approaches failing to account for the structure of this kind of data. We frame the non-trivial challenge of adapting LIME to time series classification as the following open questions: What is a meaningful interpretable representation of a time series?'',How does one realistically perturb a time series?'' and ``What is a local neighbourhood around a time series?''. We propose solutions to all three questions and combine them into a novel time series explanation framework called LIMESegment, which outperforms existing adaptations of LIME to time series on a variety of classification tasks.

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