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Towards Balanced Representation Learning for Credit Policy Evaluation

Yiyan Huang · Cheuk Hang Leung · Shumin Ma · Zhiri Yuan · Qi Wu · SIYI WANG · Dongdong Wang · Zhixiang Huang

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Credit policy evaluation presents profitable opportunities for E-commerce platforms through improved decision-making. The core of policy evaluation is estimating the causal effects of the policy on the target outcome. However, selection bias presents a key challenge in estimating causal effects from real-world data. Some recent causal inference methods attempt to mitigate selection bias by leveraging covariate balancing in the representation space to obtain the domain-invariant features. However, it is noticeable that balanced representation learning can be accompanied by a failure of domain discrimination, resulting in the loss of domain-related information. This is referred to as the over-balancing issue. In this paper, we introduce a novel objective for representation balancing methods to do policy evaluation. In particular, we construct a doubly robust loss based on the predictions of treatment and outcomes, serving as a prerequisite for covariate balancing to deal with the over-balancing issue. In addition, we investigate how to improve treatment effect estimations by exploiting the unconfoundedness assumption. The extensive experimental results on benchmark datasets and a newly introduced credit dataset show a general outperformance of our method compared with existing methods.

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