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Statistical Analysis of Karcher Means for Random Restricted PSD Matrices

Hengchao Chen · Xiang Li · Qiang Sun

Auditorium 1 Foyer 106


Non-asymptotic statistical analysis is often missing for modern geometry-aware machine learning algorithms due to the possibly intricate non-linear manifold structure. This paper studies an intrinsic mean model on the manifold of restricted positive semi-definite matrices and provides a non-asymptotic statistical analysis of the Karcher mean. We also consider a general extrinsic signal-plus-noise model, under which a deterministic error bound of the Karcher mean is provided. As an application, we show that the distributed principal component analysis algorithm, LRC-dPCA, achieves the same performance as the full sample PCA algorithm. Numerical experiments lend strong support to our theories.

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